Goat milk, also known as caprine milk, is consumed in many lands around the world. India, Spain, France and Greece are amongst the top 10 goat milk producing countries. In the United Kingdom alone, there are approximately 33,000 dairy goats. This brief review of some of the benefits of goat milk may help you decide if goat milk is a good option for you and your family.
Nutritional Values of Goat Milk
A dairy goat produces milk for about 280 days per year, or around nine months, with an annual output of 500 to 1,200 litres — this between 2 and 4 litres per day. Milk production is dependent on the breed of goat and how much supplementary feeding the female goats, or does, receive.
One cup of goat milk contains 168 calories, and it’s packed with important nutrients, including:
- Protein: 9 grams
- Calcium: 327 milligrams
- Phosphorous: 271 milligrams
- Potassium: 498 milligrams
It also contains significant quantities of vitamins A, B2 (riboflavin), C, and D.
Goat Milk Is Suited to the Human Digestive System
When the human stomach begins to digest goat milk, the protein in the milk forms curds. While similar to the curds formed from cow’s milk, these are significantly less bulky — 2 percent as opposed to 10 percent — and are softer, making them easier to digest. The fat globules in goat milk are small, which the human body finds easier to process. Goat milk is also thought to aid in the digestive utilization of calcium and iron in a higher percentage than that of cow milk.
Milk From Goats Can Soothe Stomachs
Ongoing research by a number of scientists shows that goat milk can act as an anti-inflammatory in the digestive system. All milk contains oligosaccharides, which are carbohydrates made up of three to ten simple sugars linked together. The oligosaccharides in goat milk are the most similar of all mammal milks to that of human breast milk. They are thought to have prebiotic properties; prebiotics feed on the good bacteria in the human gut, which can be introduced by probiotics. When tested, goat milk oligosaccharides seem to have a beneficial effect against inflammation such as colitis and irritable bowel syndrome and also help prevent infection in the gut.
Goat Milk Is Hypoallergenic
According to AllergyUK, about 3 to 6 percent of babies and young children suffer from an allergy to cow milk. Bovine milk contains a protein called A1 casein, while the protein in caprine milk is A2 casein, which is similar to that of human breast milk. Anecdotal evidence during research over the past decades shows that infants who were allergic to bovine milk and exhibiting symptoms such as colic, eczema, and runny nose, responded well when given caprine milk. Check with a medical practitioner or dietician before changing a young child onto goat milk.
Tasty Goat Milk
Fresh goat milk has a sweetish, clean taste, but this varies between breeds and individual goats. The taste of milk from a particular goat can even change over days, depending on pheromone levels and feed. This taste, together with the benefits of goat milk, may encourage you to increase your self-sufficiency and invest in a dairy goat or two.
Resources and Further Reading
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